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garage door parts highlight torsion springs

Garage Door Parts Highlight: Torsion Springs

A well-functioning garage door relies on various components working in harmony, and one of the most crucial elements is the garage door torsion spring. Torsion springs are essential for the safe and smooth operation of overhead garage doors, working hand in hand with garage door openers.

A garage door torsion spring’s significance lies in its ability to counterbalance the weight of the garage door, making it easier for the opener to lift and close the door. This not only reduces strain on the opener but also enhances the door’s overall longevity. Moreover, the torsion spring’s tightly wound design ensures that it can handle heavy loads while maintaining its structural integrity.

This reliability is essential for daily garage door operations, providing homeowners with peace of mind and convenience. Without a properly functioning torsion spring, the garage door’s performance may suffer, leading to potential safety hazards and costly repairs. Regular maintenance and professional inspections are vital to identify any wear or issues with the torsion spring promptly, ensuring optimal performance and safety for the entire garage door system.

Understanding Torsion Springs and Their Mechanism

Torsion springs act as counterbalance systems, utilizing tightly wound springs to store and release energy for the garage door’s operation. By coiling and uncoiling, these springs accumulate potential energy, which is then unleashed to power the door’s movement when released. This mechanism allows for controlled lifting and lowering of the heavy garage door.

RELATED: 4 Do’s and Don’ts of Garage Door Repair

Torsion Springs vs. Garage Door Extension Springs

Torsion springs differ from garage door extension springs in their operation. While torsion springs wind and unwind, extension springs expand and contract as the door is raised or lowered. Despite being more affordable, extension springs offer fewer benefits compared to high-torque torsion springs, which are sturdier, last longer, and provide a smoother, safer motion.

Common Causes of Torsion Spring Breakage or Malfunction

Although torsion springs are designed to withstand significant wear and tear, various factors can contribute to their breakdown or malfunction. Common causes include old age, poor garage door maintenance, loose tracks, insufficient lubrication, grease and dirt build-up, improper installation, and spring imbalance.

Testing and Addressing Torsion Spring Imbalance

A noticeable issue with a garage door’s smooth operation may indicate imbalanced torsion springs. To check for imbalance, homeowners can manually lift the door to its halfway point and release it. If the door moves downward at this position, it requires inspection by a professional garage door repairman.

RELATED: Things to Know About Your Garage Door Warranty

Safety Precautions and Professional Repairs

Repairing garage door springs is a dangerous task and should only be performed by trained professionals with the necessary tools and expertise. Attempting to fix springs without proper knowledge can lead to severe injuries. Homeowners should rely on qualified technicians to handle garage door repairs and ensure the use of high-quality replacement parts.


Garage door torsion springs play a critical role in the proper functioning of overhead doors. Understanding their mechanism, differences from extension springs, and factors affecting their performance can help homeowners make informed decisions about their garage door components. Regular maintenance and professional inspections are vital to extend the lifespan of torsion springs and maintain a safe and reliable garage door system.


What are garage door torsion springs?

Torsion springs are counterbalance systems that store and release energy, facilitating the safe lifting and lowering of heavy garage doors.

How do torsion springs work?

Torsion springs coil to store energy and uncoil to release energy, powering the garage door’s movement.

How are torsion springs different from extension springs?

Torsion springs wind and unwind, while extension springs expand and contract during garage door operation.

Why are torsion springs better than extension springs?

Torsion springs offer enhanced durability, longevity, and controlled motion, making them a safer option.

What causes torsion springs to break or malfunction?

Common causes include old age, poor maintenance, loose tracks, insufficient lubrication, dirt build-up, improper installation, and spring imbalance.

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Kristen Mangum
Kristen Mangum
Friendly customer service. Bought a hard to find remote for an old garage door opener. Opener has 3 buttons so I can program both doors to it. Easy to find location right off 29th St.
Robert Ballinger
Robert Ballinger
Great people
Betsy Chronister
Betsy Chronister
I was given a very fair quote. A week later a tech came and installed. Then came back to install lock. Tech was very professional and polite. Spen time with me making adjustments to my liking. I totally recommend Overhead door to my fellow Okies.
Hendrix Morrow
Hendrix Morrow
Overhead Door did a great job. They got me on the schedule the next day and fixed my spring in 30 minutes or less. Joe was great, professional, and courteous. Awesome service, and he didn't tell me I needed extra materials like the previous garage door people that quoted me $575. Overhead Door told me a price over the phone and it didn't change. I'd recommend them every time.
Sandy Molleda Molleda
Sandy Molleda Molleda
A very good place for a new garage door and a new remote.
John Ehrhardt
John Ehrhardt
Pleased with their services. Coil spring broke and door stopped working. Spoke to Ron, and less than 24 hrs later the technician had us up n running again. These guys did exactly what they promised to do, with no nonsense. I like that.

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